What is Panel Type for Monitors? (IPS vs VA vs TN)

Among the various useful aspects that are considered while looking for a good monitor, there also come certain sides which are not usually mentioned in the specifications or even being told by the seller.

This is often due to the fact that most consumers consider an average price rate and performance as their mainstream when they visit the market and they are unaware of the panel types.

Yes! In this article, we will be discussing the panel types of the LCD monitors being used. If you do not have enough knowledge of the use of panels and their types then you must read this article for help.

What is a Panel?

Before getting into the detail of the types and characteristics we let you understand what actually a panel is.

It is related to the display quality of the screen and is a sheet made flat to carry the liquid crystals which have their own various reactions to the electricity or charge.

Panel Type:

It will not be wrong to say that the panel type is the key to understanding what kind of performance is expected from the monitor’s display.

In other words, it is the source of the tasks that you will be carrying out with your screen. Panel types generally whatsoever for all types of modern LCD monitors fall into the following three types.

These are discussed in detail below:


This panel type is noted to be the best for reproducing accuracy in colors and for bringing up the amazing viewing angles that we look up to with our LCDs.


IPS stands for In-Plane Switching, and if you are a graphic designer or a related category person who needs your monitor panel to be consistent with the colors and designs, then buy an IPS panel type.

These panels support a wider viewing angle of 178 degrees, and these qualities make these panels expensive.

Further types:

This panel type introduces its types with increased quality in performing and updating. These are as follows:

  1. S-IPS
  2. H-IPS
  3. P-IPS
  4. e-IPS
  5. AH-IPS
  6. AHVA


Another useful type of panel used in the LCD monitor display is the Twisted Nematic or TN panel. These panels are readily available with the margin for the buyer in terms of price.


Your images are much smoother and glossier in their view as the pixel control is greatly managed by these panels. They make the pixel responsiveness rate quite fast. The latest versions that come up in these panel types are working with 144Hz or even higher rates of refreshing the pixels.

These are the most commonly used panels and are bought by people who are not looking for stronger angles and are happy with the price.



It stands for Vertical Alignment. From their name, it implies that these panels help in the alignment treatments for you in your images. These panels help in stopping the light that can come in from your backlight. They also support great contrasting ratios and deep colors for the black.

What Are the Differences Between Panel Types?

There are several differences between the various panel types.

IPS MonitorVA MonitorTN Monitor
Response Time:1-2ms4-5msLess Then 1ms
Contrast Ratio:Good
Viewing Angle:178/178178/178170/160
Price:A bit ExpensiveAffordableAffordable

Response time:

In TN it is less than 1ms and is 4-5ms for the VA. Talking about the IPS panel, this provides a response time of 1-2ms.

Viewing angle:

Viewing angle

VA panels provide higher contrasting ratios, which are even better than the other technologies, while their viewing angles are also better than the TN. The TN panels have very restricted and poor viewing angles quality, which worsens their performances. IPS is even better than TN and VA.

Price and colors:

IPS is more expensive than all the others, while TN can be bought deliberately for its price. TN colors are also very poor.

On the other hand, the color accuracy for the VA panels is quite good, but they are termed to be the best with the IPS.

What is a Screen?

The screen is the main source through which you can see and enjoy all that you want from your monitors. It comes in variant sizes, designs, and viewing angles with a range of resolution and panel types.

The display screen plays a major role in making your experience of the images and objects more beautiful.

Previously the monitors came with CRT displays working with the electron guns and using the RGB concept really crucially, now there are LCDs available everywhere with more options and choices for people.

There are different technologies that are associated with the screen’s overall outcomes supporting their active and passive matrix displays. These include TFTs. TN and IPS are part of active-matrix displays.

Refresh rate is also important for screens.


This article helps in knowing about various types of panels used in monitors. It also depicts the fact that often the panel type is not noted when you are a naïve user.

However, it plays a major role in enhancing the performance of tasks that you plan to carry out on your screens. IPS being the best is a little expensive, but you can go for VAs to have convenient viewing angles.

TN is normally cheap but not good for your contrasting colors and angle management. You can read the rest of the detail from the article above.


Does panel type matter?

Yes, it really does matters when it comes to picking up the best display setup for your work. It helps in knowing the category of tasks you can carry out with your monitors.

What does panel type IPS mean?

IPS stands for In-Plane Switching, offers the best color accuracy, and contrasts you with the most appropriate viewing angles.

What does panel type TN mean?

TN means Twisted Nematic, suitable for low-level tasks and for those who look for the price while making their purchases in terms of monitors.

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